I am new to this and I just don’t understand how to find these answers. I have looked for videos or other examples but I have not had any luck. I understand using the flippy do but this just doesn’t make sense

“What is the minimum number of bits you would need to encode the 26 letters of the alphabet plus a space - a total of 27 characters?”

“8 bits is enough to represent 256 different numbers. How many total bits do you need to represent 512 (twice as many) numbers?”